Gastrointestinal Cancer

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Gastrointestinal Cancer Surgeon in Bangalore

What are Gastrointestinal Cancers?

Gastrointestinal cancer is a group of cancers that affect the digestive system. There are several types of cancers grouped under GI cancer.

Stomach  Cancer

Stomach Cancer- In this type of cancer, malignant cancer cells form in the lining of the stomach. It develops slowly over many years.


Please remember that having these symptoms do not necessarily mean that you have stomach cancer. It could be due to several other medical conditions. Hence if you have these symptoms, I recommend you get yourself checked.

  • Indigestion and stomach discomfort
  • A bloated feeling after eating
  • Mild nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Heartburn

In more advanced stages the following symptoms may occur:

  • Blood in the stool
  • Vomiting
  • Weight Loss for no known reason
  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice
  • Collection of fluid in the abdomen
  • Difficulty swallowing

Diagnosing Stomach Cancer

The diagnostic tests that are used to examine the stomach and oesophagus are used to diagnose
stomach cancer. They are

  • Physical examination: checking for signs of the disease, such as lumps, pain or any
    other abnormal changes.
  • Blood tests: a procedure in which a blood sample is collected and tested for

Doctor may order for a complete blood count to check for Haemoglobin in the red blood

Endoscopy: a diagnostic procedure to examine the oesophagus, stomach, and  small intestine to check for tumors.

Stomach Cancer Treatment

Like in other types of cancers, treatment will depend on how large the tumor is and at what stage the cancer has reached.

Surgery is usually the most common treatment for all stages of stomach cancer. The main treatment
is gastrectomy surgery.

Small Interstine Cancer

What is Small Intestine Cancer?

Small Intestine Cancer is a relatively rare disease in which cancer cells form in the
tissues of the small intestine.

The small intestine is a long tube that connects the stomach and the large interstine.


  • Pain or cramps in the middle of the abdomen
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Unusual lump in the abdomen
  • Blood in the stool

Diagnosing Small Intestine Cancer

Some of the diagnostic tests doctors may recommend for small interstine cancer includes

  • Abdominal x-ray
  • Barium enema
  • Faecal Occult Blood Test
  • Upper endoscopy
  • Upper GI series with small bowel follow-through
  • Lymph node biopsy: 

Small intestine cancer is also usually treated with surgery.

Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer occurs when cancerous cells within the liver grow in an abnormal way.

Symptoms of liver cancer can include:

  • A feeling of discomfort on the upper right side of the abdomen
  • A lump  below the rib cage on the right side
  • Pain in the upper back, around the right shoulder blade
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Jaundice – a yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Loss of appetite and/or nausea.

Diagnosis tests for liver cancer

  • A physical examination.
  • Examination of a blood sample.
  • Scanning of the liver
  • Laparoscopy
  • Biopsy of the liver

Liver cancer treatment options can include surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

  • Oesophageal Cancer is cancer of the long tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It’s role is to push food from the mouth through to the stomach.

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Food coming back up
  • Weight loss
  • Acid reflux
  • Hoarseness or a chronic cough
  • Coughing up blood

Other than this, GI cancer also refers to following cancers

  • Esophageal Cancer
  • Gallbladder Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumor
  • Neuro-endocrine Tumors
  • Colo-rectal Cancer
  • Small Bowel Cancer
  • Anal Cancer

If you are interested in knowing more about any of these types of cancers specifically, Contact Us!

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