What Are The Most Common Types Of Bariatric Surgeries?

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Types Of Bariatric Surgeries in Bangalore
Types Of Bariatric Surgeries in Bangalore

Types Of Bariatric Surgeries in Bangalore

Modern-day lifestyle and genetic factors have resulted in obesity becoming one of the most significant issues today. Since obesity is the primary cause of several life-threatening diseases such as heart diseases, stroke and diabetes, it cannot be ignored. Obesity is not just about the weight but the condition that attracts a lot of life-threatening diseases like diabetes, heart diseases, blood pressure. Body mass index is a factor that helps measure obesity. It is classified into

  1. Class 1: If the individual has a BMI of 30 to 35 it is termed as class 1 obesity while
  2. Class 2: If the individual has a BMI of 35 to 40 it is termed as class 2 obesity
  3. Class 3: If the individual has a BMI above 40  is termed as class 3

The last two types of obesity cannot be treated with diet and exercise and require bariatric surgery.

Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure performed on the digestive system of the patient to reduce the food intake of the patient. This way, the individual can lose weight.

What are the types of bariatric surgery?

Types Of Bariatric Surgeries in Bangalore
Types Of Bariatric Surgeries in Bangalore

There are four major types of bariatric surgeries. The doctor will guide you on the best mode of treatment based on factors related to your medical condition.

Adjustable gastric banding

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch

Vertical sleeve gastrectomy

Doctors recommend bariatric surgery only if other more natural methods of weight reduction fails to have any effect. So Bariatric surgery could be an option for you if:

Your body mass index is 40 and above

Your body mass index is around 35- 39 and you are suffering from serious health issues

Below, we describe all the types of bariatric surgeries that will assist you with your decision making

Adjustable gastric banding

Adjustable gastric banding helps in reducing the stomach area, and hence the patient feels fuller and therefore takes in less food. In this surgery, an inflatable silicone band is placed around the top portion of the stomach. Along with this procedure, the patient is provided with a diet chart and exercise regime to follow. Advantages:

  • Adjustable gastric branding is less intrusive
  • Recovery time is less

This is a reversible procedure which means that if the patient wants to remove the gastric band, then it can be quickly done through a small surgery.

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

Gastric bypass surgery is the most common type of surgery and has minimal side effects. This procedure can be performed in 2 ways.

  • Laparoscopy
  • Robotically (computer-assisted)

Description: The upper portion of the stomach is separated from the lower part during this surgery. This upper portion is connected to small intestine roux limb. Now the stomach is significantly smaller, and hence the intake of food drastically reduces. The aim is also to make the body absorb fewer nutrients or fat from the food and therefore reducing weight.

 Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch

The Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch is a less standard surgical procedure. The procedure is performed in two steps.

  • Sleeve gastrectomy: In this procedure, a significant part of the stomach is removed. Only a small banana sized stomach is left out.
  • The surgeon connects the end of the intestine to the duodenum.

 This procedure is less standard because it may lead to severe side effects such as malnutrition and vitamin deficiency. This is because this procedure not just leads to the individual taking in less food but will result in less absorption of required nutrients. Hence it is performed on patients whose BMI is higher than 50 only.

Vertical sleeve gastrectomy

The procedure called the Vertical sleeve gastrectomy was previously performed as part of the Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch procedure. But after noting the advantage of this procedure, it is now offered by clients as a separate procedure. This procedure is a simple variant of bariatric surgery and involves multiple abdominal incisions. In this procedure also a significant amount of stomach is removed surgically to reduce the intake of food by the patient drastically. It also results in lesser absorption of the nutrients from the diet.

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on google
Google+
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn